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Technical Guide Technical Guide
Introduction Table of Contents This “Technical Guide” details the principal techniques used IIn ntr troduc oduction i tion ii i to create two of the more technically advanced photographs in the D800/D800E catalog. Enjoy this opportunity to admire Shooting T Shooting Te echniques chniques 1 1 the skills of professional photographers who have mastered Static Subjects ...........................................................................1 the D800/D800E. • Lesson 1: Use a Tripod ..........
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects —Keeping Blur to a Minimum— 1
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects At the high resolutions off ered by the D800/D800E, even the Lesson 1: Use a Tripod slightest camera motion can result in blur. The technique re- Use a tripod to reduce blur when vealed in this section minimizes blur through a combination photographing static subjects. It of live view photography and a tripod. should be as sturdy as possible; Technical Data avoid extending the legs or center ■ Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 14–24 mm f/2.8G ED ■ Exposure mode: column
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects Why Use Live View? Lesson 2: Use Live View 1. The mirror is raised prior to shooting, reducing blur. Live view can be used to improve focus and prevent blur. At the high resolutions off ered by the D800/D800E, even the slap of the mirror can sometimes be enough to blur photo- Live View Photography graphs. In live view, the mirror is raised well before the shutter is released, helping keep blur to a minimum. Rotate the live view selector to C and press a to r
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects Why Use Live View? Why Use Live View? 2. You can focus anywhere in the frame. 3. You can zoom in for precise focus. In live view, you can use the multi selector to Press the X button to magnify the position the focus point anywhere in the frame, view in the monitor by up to 23× regardless of the options selected for AF/MF and for precise focus during live view. autofocus. You will fi nd this particularly ef- fective with manual focus. The ability to positio
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects Suggested Settings Lesson 3: Don’t Stop Aperture Down Too Far White balance > Choose color temp.: Stopping down aperture in manual (h) and aperture-priority White balance can be adjusted in auto (g) exposure modes increases depth of fi eld, bringing steps as small as 10 K. To adjust both background and foreground into focus. Stop aperture white balance on the amber (A) – down too far, however, and diff raction will cause the image to blue (B) axis, hold
Shooting Techniques Static Subjects Camera Control Pro 2 Same Shot, No Live View Optional Camera Control Pro 2 software can be used to Live view photography was not used in creating the second access most camera functions from a computer. To use example below; consequently, the mirror was not raised until Camera Control Pro 2, start the computer and connect the the photo was taken and the results are blurred. camera using the supplied USB cable as shown below. With live view: Camera Contr
Shooting Techniques Portrait Subjects —Focusing on a Selected Point— 7
Shooting Techniques Portrait Subjects Use this method for sharp focus on selected points when Lesson 1: Choose the Right Focus Settings framing portraits in the viewfi nder. Portrait subjects are mobile and more easily photographed Technical Data without a tripod, but generally remain in one spot long ■ Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 70-200 mm f/2.8G ED VR II ■ Exposure mode: enough for single-point, single-servo autofocus. This photo Manual ■ Shutter speed: ½ 00 s ■ Aperture: f/4.5 ■ White balance: s
Shooting Techniques Portrait Subjects Shutter Speed Lesson 2: Choose the Right Exposure Settings Choose a speed a bit faster than the limit for camera blur. Aperture The superior resolution of the D800/D800E makes small Choose a wide aperture for a softer feel. amounts of focus blur more obvious. Select a shutter speed Set aperture to f/4 or so to capture facial contours. slightly faster than you would choose when photographing the same subject with other cameras. A fast shutter speed has cap
Shooting Techniques Portrait Subjects Light Level and ISO Sensitivity Learning from Failure: Same Shot, Diff erent Focus Adjust lighting and ISO sensitivity appropriately. With the D800/D800E, you will notice that photos seem to have After choosing both shutter speed and aperture manually, less depth of fi eld than pictures shot with other cameras under you may need adjust lighting or ISO sensitivity. the same conditions, and that focus consequently requires more attention. As can be seen fr
Quick Tips 1. H 1. High ISO S igh ISO Sensitivit ensitivity y The following sections introduce useful techniques and camera options applicable to a variety of situations. The D800/D800E keeps noise to a minimum for high-resolu- tion results at even the highest ISO sensitivities. The High ISO NR option in the shooting menu reduces the ran- domly-spaced bright pixels, fog, High and lines characteristic of high- sensitivity noise, but may leave edges less sharp. You may fi nd that settings of
Quick Tips 2. A 2. Au ut to o ISO S ISO Sensitivit ensitivity C y Con ontr trol ol Auto ISO sensitivity control au- tomatically adjusts ISO sensitiv- ity if optimal exposure can not be achieved at the value selected by the photographer. If Auto is se- lected for Minimum shutter speed, the camera will also ad- just the threshold for auto ISO sensitivity control according to the focal length of the lens (CPU lenses only), a feature you Focal length: 24 mm Focal length: 50 mm will fi nd particu
Quick Tips 3 3. I . Im mpr pro ov ving Optical P ing Optical Per erf formanc ormance e Stopping aperture down increases depth of fi eld, making the foreground and background sharper. Stop aperture down too far, however, and diff raction will actually cause the image to lose defi nition. The eff ects of diff raction are partly infl u- enced by the size of the pixels in the camera image sensor, but with the D800/D800E’s high resolution the eff ects gen- erally become noticeable around f/11. Wh
Quick Tips 4. Back 4. Backlit P lit Por ortr traits aits With its 91K (about 91,000) pixel RGB sensor, the D800/D800E Flash Photography off ers improved face detection. Used with the viewfi nder in The D800/D800E also automatically optimizes fl ash output modes other than h, it can balance exposure between portrait for portrait subjects. subjects and the background even when the subject is backlit. D800/D800E: Flash output is adjusted according to the brightness of the subject’s D800/D800
The D800E 1. H 1. Hi igh Resolution I gh Resolution Images with the D800E mages with the D800E The D800E is a good choice when you need high-resolution Case 2: A Japanese Garden photos of visually complex subjects. Capture tiles and other fi ne details in high resolution. Case 1: A Subject in Traditional Dress Preserve fi ne patterns in your subject’s hair and clothing. Case 3: Leaves Capture individual leaves in crisp detail. Improving Resolution Movies Resolution can be improved by disabling
The D800E 2. A 2. Ad djusting A justing Ap per ert tur ure e f fo or r V Vi isually C sually Comple omplex x Subjec Subject ts s With cameras like the D800E, which are suited to visually The D800E off ers better resolution at apertures where dif- complex subjects, it is important to get as much sharpness fraction (page 13 page 13) is not an issue. The eff ects of aperture may from the lens as possible. Contrast at the periphery of the im- therefore be more noticeable than with the D800, and car
The D800E 3. C 3. Co olor A lor Ar rt tifac ifact ts and Moir s and Moiré é Color artifacts and moiré are less frequent at the high resolu- Using Diff raction to Combat Color Artifacts and Moiré tions supported by the D800/D800E, but when they do occur, Although stopping aperture they tend to be more noticeable in photos taken with D800E. down makes the eff ects of Artifacts and moiré are not visible in the camera monitor but diff raction (p page 13 age 13, 16 16) more can be viewed by copyin
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